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Is Creation Science, Science?

Use of Evolutionist by Creationists

One problem often encountered in the creation - evolution debate is the claim by evolutionists that Evolution is science while creation is just religion. The problem here is a misunderstanding of the meaning of science.

Science can best be defined as:

"Systematized knowledge derived from observation, study, and experimentation carried on in order to determine the nature or principles of what is being studied."
(Webster's New World Dictionary of the American Language)

 The idea is that conclusions are made on the basis of empirical evidence. This evidence comes from experimentation and observation. Note, there is nothing in this definition that eliminates God or requires a natural explanation.

When Evolutionists claim that Evolution is science and creation is just religion, they are using the following definition of science, whether they admit it or not.

The search for natural explanations for all phenomenon.

This notion of science by definition eliminates God or any other supernatural explanation for any thing.

The first definition is the correct one and it is not in conflict with the idea of creation.

The process of science is often described in the form of what is known as the Scientific Method. It is a basic description not an absolute methodology, but this is a good basic description. It usually stated as follows:

  1. Observation is made of some aspect of the universe.
  2. A tentative description is made, called a hypothesis, that is consistent with what is observed.
  3. Hypothesis is used to make predictions.
  4. Test predictions, by way of experiments of further observations
  5. Modify hypothesis in the light of results.
  6. Repeat steps 3 through  5 until there are no discrepancies between theory and experiment and/or observation.

There is more to science than this, but it makes a good basic description.

One aspect of  science not  mentioned in the scientific method is Peer Review. Peer Review is basically scientists checking the research of other scientists. When done properly it helps to find, errors, flawed logic, and misconceptions. Done improperly it prevents errors from being exposed, perpetuates false theories, and suppress evidence.

The key to science is observation and only the present can be observed. The past can not be observed, so only the physical sciences deals with direct observation. Historical science can not deal with direct observation, but can only inferred from the present. This means that the best source of information about the past come form the observation of those who were there. Like wise only the present can be tested directly. Since we can not directly observe the past it can not be tested directly.

One myth is that scientists are always objective. A scientists conclusions are affected by education, personal views and philosophical assumptions. The fact is that it impossible to be 100% objective and this fact needs the be considered when evaluating the work of any scientist.

Financial Grants also affect the apparent results of science. Grants are subject to the views of granting boards. Government grants can be effected by political consideration, such as the notion that evolution is science while creation is religion. Any bias that exists in a granting board tends to give one set of views a big advantage over others. This is a problem that is not often noticed  by non scientists.

Understanding any scientific controversy requires a proper understanding of science and everything that affects it. This does not only refer to creation vs evolution, but any time there is a disagreement among scientists.


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