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About Paleontology


Paleontology: The Science that is the study of prehistoric life from their fossilized remains.

Paleontology also included the history of the earth, the organisms found in it, and their supposed evolution.

Sections

Fossils

Evolution

Geology

Plants

Invertebrates

Fish

Amphibians

Reptiles

Dinosaurs

Birds

Mammals

Humans


Fields with in paleontology

Micropaleontology: The study of microscopic fossils in general.

Paleobotany: The study of fossil plants.

Palynology: The study of pollen and spores, both living and fossil.

Invertebrate Paleontology: The study y of invertebrate animal fossils.

Vertebrate Paleontology: The study of vertebrate fossils.

Human Paleontology (Paleoanthropology): The study of prehistoric human and hominid fossils.

Taphonomy: The study of decay, preservation, and formation of fossils.

Ichnology: The study of fossil tracks, trails, and footprints.

Paleoecology: The study of the ecology and climate of the past based on fossils and other means.

Assumptions of Paleontology

 The following is a list of the main assumptions of establishment Paleontology.

Absolute Naturalism:  Absolute Naturalism is a purely philosophical assumption that allows only totally natural causes to be considered for every thing. It also requires a refusal of any consideration of supernatural causes.

The Bible is wrong: Based on the assumption of absolute naturalism establishment Paleontologists must assume that the Biblical account wrong because the Biblical account has supernatural causes contrary to absolute Naturalism. Furthermore the Biblical account gives a view of Earth History that is contrary to that of establishment Paleontology so that to hold to the establishment Paleontologal view of history you have to assume the Bible is wrong

Uniformitarian Geology: Uniformitarian Geology is the basis for how rocks are interpreted and the fossils found with in them. As a result if the principles of uniformitarian geology are wrong then most of the interpretation of establishment Paleontology are also wrong.

Accuracy of the Geologic Time Scale: Accuracy of the Geologic Time Scale is critical since fossils are categorized based on the Time Scale. If instead of being deposited over a long period of time most of these fossils were buried in a single short event then most of the interpretations of establishment Paleontology would be wrong.

Presence specific fossils in rocks indicate when they evolved, live and went extinct: This view is the bases for an evolutionary interpretation of fossils because if they all lived at the same time then this interpretation is wrong. By the way living fossils show assumption to be in error because we have living organisms that according to establishment Paleontology avoided being fossilized for hundreds of million of years.

Microbe to Man Biological Evolution: The fact that this is a assumption is evident since one of the main goals of establishment Paleontology is looking for evolutionary connections.


Fossils

Fossils are the remains of living thing buried and found in rocks. Some fossils are just imprints of the organism left in rocks most of which are fossils of invertebrates and plants, Others are the actual mineralized remains of the organism. mineralized remains of the organism amd are most often the fossils of vertebrates,

Brachiopod fossil from Ringgold Georgia


 

Fern imprint on slate from east Pennsylvania


Trilobite from Utah


Diplomystus Dentatus, a fish from the Green River Formation in Wyoming


Interpretation of Fossils

The interpretation of fossils involves a combination of biology and geology. They are needed to show the type of organism that left the fossil and how it relates to other organisms. The problem with this is that it makes the interpretation of fossils highly dependent on the theories in both biology and geology. As a result any theoretical errors  in biology and geology can lead to errors fossil interpretation.


Conclusion

By studying fossils Paleontology has produces many interesting results. However like all historical science the accuracy of those results are highly dependent on the theories used to produce them. To make maters worst Paleontology is highly dependent on two other fields of science and the accuracy of their theories that is Geology and Biology. As an historical science  Paleontology requires making assumptions about the past which are based in philosophy and not science. As a result examining the same fossils and rocks with a different set of philosophical assumptions will produce different interpretations.


 

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