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Problems for the Three
Principles of Stratigraphy


The principle of Superposition

The main problem with  the Principle of Superposition is that it takes into  account only one particular case of sedimentation. That is the case of an absence of current. In such cases the strata form vertically that is bottom to top, implying succession of time on a global scale in accordance with the vertical sequence of strata.

Superposition ignores the general case of sedimentation in moving water and most bodies of water have moving water. In moving water sediment layers form horizontally. I have seen the process of sedimentation in moving water in action. One time I watched two thin layers of sediment build horizontally at a noticeable rate both layers formed one on top of the other as the edge moved forward. There were other layers beneath them but the two on top were easier to watch. In fact it can be shown that Superposition goes against both experiments and observations in sedimentology.


The principle of Continuity

The problem here is that it has never been confirmed, from neither deposits nor sedimentary rocks that the same stratum goes all round the Earth. The problem here is that it has never been confirmed, from neither deposits nor sedimentary rocks that the same stratum goes all round the Earth. It is assume but maps of locations were the so called geologic ages are found, show significant gaps.


The principle of original horizontality

The problem here is that strata in ocean deposits are not always horizontal and rates of sedimentation are not uniform on a global scale. This is shown to be the case by both seismic records and sub-marine coring.


The fact is that strata are formed by sediments in a fluid but the standard stratigraphic model seems to ignore the affect of the fluid on sediments. So the chronology resulting from this model does not take into account the fact that currents exist in present day oceans. The simple fact is that the standard stratigraphic model does not correspond with observational data from contemporary sedimentology.

Stratification, is characterized by segregation of particles according to size in bedding plane partings, but the standard stratigraphic model interprets strata as a succession of sedimentary layers and so it  is contrary to both observation and experimentation.


 

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Geological dating principles questioned / strata experiments

 
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